Roman Mosaic of Minerva

Mosaic of Minerva from Tusculum, 3rd century CE. Vatican Museum.

The surrounding lunar phases were added in the 18th century when it was installed in the Vatican Museum.

The goddess is shown with the aegis, an abject which, according to Virgil “… Athene wears in her angry moods – a fearsome thing with a surface of gold like scaly snake-skin, and he linked serpents and the Gorgon herself upon the goddess’s breast—a severed head rolling its eyes.”


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