The Nashville Parthenon was built in the 1920s as a full-scale replica of the ancient Parthenon with one colossal exception: it did not contain a reproduction of the monumental statue of Athena created by Pheidias.

The city decided to rectify this omission and in 1982 Alan LeQuire was commissioned to build a full-scale replica of Athena Parthenos.

It took LeQuire eight years to build the statue, constructed of gypsum cement on steel armature. When the 12-ton statue was first displayed at the Nashville Parthenon 1990, it was white and unadorned. In 2002, the statue was gilded and painted, bringing it closer in appearance to the original.

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