Iris, Goddess of the Rainbow and Messenger of the Gods by Bobbe Gentry. Bronze, 2004, Memphis Botanic Garden, Tennessee.

Depictions of Domestic Bliss in the Underworld: Hades, Persephone, and Cerberus Top Image: Illustration from A Dictionary of Classical Antiquities by Oscar Seyffert. 1895, New York: Macmillan and Co. Bottom Image: Illustration from Greek and Roman Mythology for Mature and Educated Young Women by Julie Hoffmann. 1864. Dresden: Eduard Trewendt.

Bust of Zeus, 3rd century AD, from Cremna (Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix), Burdur Museum. Photograph courtesy of Carole Raddato

Imperial Group as Venus and Mars, Louvre Museum, Paris. This group, created in 120-140 CE, originally depicted Hadrian as Mars and Vibia Sabina as Venus. It was altered in 170-175 to make Mars’ features less specific, and to depict Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus, as Venus.

Ancient Roman Statue of Antinous, circa 130-138 CE. Restored as Ganymede by Giovanni Pierantoni , 1796. Parian Marble. Lady Lever Gallery, Liverpool, England. Antinous was regarded, according to inscriptions in various parts of the Empire, as a hero, as a divinity, and sometimes as both. His cult included temples, games, the foundation of the city…

Vibia Sabina

Priestess burning incense. Parian marble. Roman, circa. 125–130 CE. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The elderly woman is garbed as a priestess and is engaged in an act of sacrifice. Her missing right hand is to be imagined as scattering grains of incense, taken from a box held in her left hand, upon a small…

Hadrian as Pontifex Maximus. Marble. 117-138 CE. Capitoline Museum, Rome. Felix dies natalis, Divus Hadrianus!

Western Civilization pediment sculpture by Carl Paul Jennewein Philadelphia Museum of Art (1933) Left to Right: Eos, Nous, Adonis, Hippomenes (lion), Eros, Aphrodite, Zeus, Demeter, Triptolemus, Ariadne, Theseus, Minotaur, Python

Juno Roman, Second Century CE. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. At 13 feet/4 meters tall and 13,000 pounds/5900 kg, Juno is the largest Classical marble statue in North America. The earliest record of this statue is 1633, when it was part of the collection of Pope Gregory XV. It was purchased by Carles and Mary…

The Fountain of Cybele designed by Ventura Rodriguez between 1777 and 1782. Statue of Cybele and her chariot by Francisco Gutiérrez. Lions by Roberto Michel. Madrid, Spain. During Hannibal’s invasion of Italy in the Second Punic War, a Sybilline prophecy foretold victory for Rome if the cult of the Magna Mater were to be brought…

gracedpalmer: The Norns: Urd, Verdandi, and Skuld. They sit at the foot of the World-Tree, Yggdrasil, and spin the threads of fate. In the poetic Eddas, they are usually associated with sudden changes of fortune.

Illustration by George Cruikshank, 1904 And now for something completely different… According to Cassell’s Dictionary of Slang, the exclamation “By Jove” (from the Old Latin Jovis for Iuppiter) was in use in English as early as the late 1500s. Illustration by George Cruikshank, 1904