Statue of Juno Sospita, Vatican Museum, 2nd Century CE.

Juno Sospita (the Savior) is recognized by her goatskin cape, shoes with turned-up toes, and armed with a spear and shield. She was originally the patron goddess of Lanuvium, an Etruscan city located to the south of Rome. The 338 BCE peace settlement between Rome and Lanuvium stipulated that the temple and grove of Juno Sospita would be held in common by the people of Lanuvium and Rome, and she received a temple in the Roman Forum in 193 BCE.

February 1 is the anniversary of the refurbishment of her temple in 90 B.C.E., though scholars continue to debate whether it was her temple in Rome, or the temple in Lanuvium, which was refurbished at this time.

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