Illustrations of the Horologion of Andronikos Kyrristos (Tower of the Winds), Athens. Stuart, James and Revett, Nicholas Antiquities of Athens, Vol.1, Paris, Firmin Didot, 1808. The ancient Greeks knew the gods of the winds as Anemoi. The Romans called them the Venti. From Left to right: – Boreas (Roman Septentrio), god of the North wind…

Daybreak by Guido Reni, 1614. Ceiling, house of Scipione Borghese. Aurora (Eos), goddess of Dawn, is leading Apollo’s chariot to begin the new day. Apollo is attended by seven of the Hours (Horae). The ancient Greeks and ROmans divided the day into twelve parts, each governed by a goddess. The first seven hours of the…

Aion and the Four Seasons mosaic from the Villa Sileen,Leptis Magna, Libya. 2nd-3rd centuries CE. Aion is the Hellenistic god of eternal time. The hoop he is holding is the zodiac, through which the four seasons pass.

Triumph of Neptune and the Four Seasons from La Chebba, Tunisia, late 2nd Century CE. Bardo National Museum, Tunis, Tunisia. Photograph by Tony Hisgett,Birmingham, UK, via Wikimedia Commons. Clockwise from top right: – Summer Ancient Greek: Theros, Roman: Aestas – Spring Ancient Greek: Eiar, Roman: Ver – Winter Ancient Greek: Cheimon, Roman: Hiems – Autumn…

Roman Four Seasons Mosaic from Villa Dar Buc Ammera, near Leptis Magna. Now displayed at the National Museum, Tripoli. Clockwise from the top: – Winter Ancient Greek: Cheimon, Roman: Hiems – Autumn Ancient Greek: Phthinoporon, Roman: Autumnus – Summer Ancient Greek: Theros, Roman: Aestas – Spring Ancient Greek: Eiar, Roman: Ver The Hours (Greek: Horae)…

A Visit to Pompeii by Luigi Bazzani, (1836–1927) “With us, in fine, art is never anything but a superfluity — something unfamiliar and foreign that comes in to us from the outside when we are wealthy. Our paintings and our sculptures do not make part and parcel of our houses. If we have a Venus…

Excavations at Pompeii by Edouard Alexandre Sain, 1865. Musee d’Orsay, Paris. The science of archaeology began as a search for material treasure, but we should never forget those who labored (and still labor) to bring to light the artifacts that enlighten our spiritual experience.

Electra at the Tomb of Agamemnon by William Blake Richmond, 1874. Musée des beaux-arts de l’Ontario.

George Washington by Horatio Greenough, 1840. Marble. Located at the National Museum of American History, Washington D.C. As today is Feralia, a day to honor the dead, and also George Washington’s birthday, I’d like to consider the apotheosis of an America hero. Washington was respected during his lifetime as a model of outstanding civic virtue….

Serpent Mosaic 4th century CE. Triclinium, Villa Romana del Casale, Piazza Armerina, Sicily, Italy

hadrian6: Paul-Alfred de Curzon 1820-1895. with Salviati and Facchina, Aurora and Cephalus, 1868-74. Detail of the decorative ceiling mosaic in the L’Opera Garnier. Paris. http://hadrian6.tumblr.com Eos, goddess of the dawn, fell in love with a mortal man, Cephalus, and carried him away. She bore him a son, whom she named Phaethon. Her Roman equivalent is Aurora. Sacrifices…

Hecate and Dog. Attributed to the Kleibolos Painter. Institute of Classical Archaeology of the University of Tübingen, Germany.