Temple of Mars Ultor. Reconstruction by  François-Joseph Uchard, 1843.

This is the anniversary of the dedication of the temple which was erected by Augustus on the forum in 2 BCE to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Actium. The Senate met here to make decisions regarding war, military commanders visited the temple just before departing the city on military assignments, and Roman standards that had been recovered from the Parthians were displayed here. 

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