Numa Pompilius Establishes the Cult of the Vestals by
Cavalier d’Arpino, 1636-1638. Fresco. Hall of the Horatii and Curiatii, Capitoline Museums, Rome.
Numa, who reigned circe 717–673 BCE, appointed the first two Vestal priestesses, and provided salaries for them from the state treasury.
Numa also appointed the Pontifex Maximus to watch over the Vestals