Exedra tomb on the Via dei Sepolcri, Pompeii. Photograph by Carole Raddato, 2011/VIA Wikimedia Commons.
This is the first century C.E. schola (tomb) of the priestess Mamia. Although her family is known to have dwelled in Herculaneum, Mamia may have lived in Pompeii, since she used her own money to purchase land and have a temple built in the forum of Pompeii to honor the Genius of the Emperor Augustus. The senate of Pompeii recognized her public generosity by setting aside land for her burial in a prominent location along the south side of the Via del Seplocri, just outside the gate leading to Herculaneum. Mamia’s tomb is in the form of an exedra (a semicircular recesses with seating). It was discovered by archaeologist Karl Weber sometime between 1758 and 1764.
Mamia’s tomb has been depicted by several painters:
Road of Tombs by Jacob Philipp Hackert, 1793.
An Exedra by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadena, 1869.
Outside the Gate of Pompeii by John William Godward, 1905.